2017年07月17日

日本語の「気づく」にあたる英語の動詞 realize, notice, recognize の使い分け


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次の日本語を(a)〜(c)のように英訳するとき、

「気づく」にあたる動詞 realize, notice, recognize をどのように使い分ければよいでしょうか?

外国に行ってはじめて日本の伝統文化の素晴らしさに気づく場合が多い。

(a) It is often not until you go abroad that you realize the greatness of traditional Japanese culture.

(b) It is often not until you go abroad that you notice the greatness of traditional Japanese culture.

(c) It is often not until you go abroad that you recognize the greatness of traditional Japanese culture.


−−−−−−


本当は日本語の「気づく」にあたるのは notice だけです。


realize と recognize のいずれに関しても、日本語にはちょうど当てはまる動詞がなく、

「気づく」と訳されることが多いようですが、それは仕方がないと思います。


以下、マーク・ピーターセン先生からいただいたコメントを紹介します。


Sentence (a) It is often not until you go abroad that you realize the greatness of traditional Japanese culture. implies that “you” already had all the information necessary to be aware of “the greatness of traditional Japanese culture” before going abroad but that, until then, “you” lacked the understanding necessary to comprehend that “greatness.” Here “realize” has the sense of 「わかってくる」.


Sentence (b) It is often not until you go abroad that you notice the greatness of traditional Japanese culture. implies that the “greatness” had been before the eyes of “you” all the time but that, until going abroad “you” had simply failed to perceive that “greatness.” Here “notice” has the sense of 「ふと、その方面に意識が向いて、突然物事の存在や状態を知る」.


Sentence (c) It is often not until you go abroad that you recognize the greatness of traditional Japanese culture. implies that “you” already had seen “the greatness of traditional Japanese culture” before going abroad but that, until then, “you” had failed to identify that culture as being “great.” Here “recognize” has the sense of 「識別する」.


For the situation being described, sentence (a) is definitely the best English translation, and “realize” is the only verb I would use to describe the phenomenon in question.


posted by 石崎 陽一 at 21:56 | Comment(0) | 文法・語法ノート | 更新情報をチェックする
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