2012年12月26日

規範文法再評価の潮流


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18世紀における英文法編纂の動機について、Joan C. Beal, English in Modern Times 1700-1945(London:Arnold, 2002, pp.89-90)より備忘のため書き留めておきます。(下線は現筆者による。)


Only very recently have a number of scholars, including Crowley(1991), Rodriguez-Gil(2002)and Tieken(2000), challenged this monolithic view of eighteenth century grammars, turning to the original texts and viewing them and their authors in the social and intellectual context of their time. What emerges from these studies is that eighteenth century grammarians had a range of motives for writing their grammars, and that these and later grammars, far from being uniformly‘prescriptive’, would be better described as occupying different points on a prescriptive-descriptive continuum.




続いては、Helmut Gneuss, English Language Scholarship:a survey and bibliography from the beginnings to the end of the nineteenth century(Binghamton, New York:Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1996, pp.31-2)より。


English grammarians, especially those of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, have been accused of employing prescriptive methods.(中略)Such sweeping judgements have gained popularity in histories of English and English grammar, but fortunately in the light of more recent scholarship, they have been revealed as anachronistic and in need of revision;more research needs to be done in this area.(中略)One also needs to consider the linguistic situation in the eighteenth century, as well as the aims of the grammars and the audiences for which they were intended:(中略)In future, it may seem more appropriate to speak of prescriptive tendencies rather than of prescriptive English grammar in the eighteenth century and later.


ここ10年あまり、規範文法に対する再評価の動きがたしかなものとなっています。

とりわけ「規範的英文法の祖」(『英語学人名辞典』(研究社、1995年、p.214))と目される Robert Lowth(1710-1787)の生誕300年を迎えた一昨年以降、盛り上がりを見せています。


posted by 石崎 陽一 at 02:52 | Comment(0) | 英文法史 | 更新情報をチェックする
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